Full Service Contract Research Laboratory
Phone: (248) 733-1030
Polyurethane Innovation is our Business

TPI offers a wide range of services to support innovations in polyurethanes:

  • Polyurethane Formulation and Application
    Development
  • Raw Material Development and Evaluation
  • Technical Marketing Support
  • Training and Development of Professional
    Resources
  • Testing Services
  • Commercial Development and Intellectual Property Support

Publications & Patents

Selected Publications of TPI principles

“Comparison of Adipic Versus Renewable Azelaic Acid Polyester Polyols as Building Blocks in Soft Thermoplastic Polyurethanes,” J Am Oil Chem Soc (2016) 93:983-993, DOI, 10.1007/s11746-016-2903-9

 “Urethane-forming reaction kinetics of natural oil polyols versus petroleum-based polyether polyol,” Reac Kinet Mech Cat., 2016, DOI 10.1007/s11144-016-1043-4

“Performance of palm oil-based dihydroxystearic acid as ionizable molecule in waterborne polyurethane dispersions,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, DOI: 10.1002/APP.43614

“Natural Palm Olein Polyol as a Replacement for Polyether Polyols in Viscoelastic Polyurethane Foam,” J Am Oil Chem Soc (2016) 93:983-993, DOI, 10.1007/s11746-016-2832-7

“Structure–property performance of natural palm olein polyol in the viscoelastic polyurethane foam,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 2016, DOI: 10.1177/0021955X16639031

“Molecular Weight Determination of Palm Olein Polyols by Gel Permeation Chromatography Using Polyether Polyols Calibration,” J Am Oil Chem Soc (2016) 93:721–730 DOI, 10.1007/s11746-016-2812-y

“Polyether polyols as GPC calibration standards for determination of molecular weight distribution of polyether polyols”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci.  2015, DOI: 10.1002/APP.42698

“Urethane-Forming Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis of Model Palm Olein Polyols: Quantified Impact of Primary and Secondary Hydroxyls," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42955.

“Aliphatic Polyester Polyols with Recycled Content for Viscoelastic Foam,” PU Magazine (2015) Vol. 12, No. 4, August/September 2015, p. 286.

“Aliphatic Polyester Polyols with Recycled and Renewable Content for High-Resilience Polyurethane Foam,” Proceedings of UTECH Europe 2015 Polyurethane Conference, April 14-16, 2015, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

“Performance of EMEROX Renewable Polyols and INFIGREEN Recycled Polyols in Resilient MDI Molded Flexible Polyurethane Foams,” Chemistry and Renewables Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 22-24, 2014, Dallas, Texas.

“Performance of EMEROX renewable and INFIGREEN recycled polyols in High Resilient Flexible Foams,” Flexible Foam Developments Session, Proceedings of the UTECH North America Exhibition and Conference, June 4-5, 2014, Charlotte, North Carolina.

“Aliphatic Polyester Polyols with Recycled Content for Viscoelastic Foam,” Flexible Foams Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 22-24, 2014, Dallas, Texas.

“CO-2-based Polycarbonate Polyols as Strength Enhancers in Flexible Foams,” Flexible Foams Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Phoenix, Arizona.

“Rigid Polyurethane Foams from Soymeal Polyols,” Chemistry and Fundamentals Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Phoenix, Arizona.

 “Using Waste CO2 to Create Novel Renewable Polyols for Polyurethane Applications,” Renewable Content Polyols Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 24-26, 2012, Atlanta, Georgia.

“Rigid Polyurethane Foams Based on Soy Meal Polyols,” Renewable Content Polyols Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethane Technical Conference, September 24-26, 2012, Atlanta, Georgia.

“Natural Oil Polyols in Polyurethane Industry - Design for Performance,” International Palm Oil Congress PIPOC 2012, Proceedings of Oleo & Specialty Chemicals Conference, November 15-17, 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, paper OS-3, pages 59-71.

“Palm Oil as Renewable Resource in Waterborne Polyurethane Dispersion: A Preliminary Study,” International Palm Oil Congress PIPOC 2012, Proceedings of Oleo & Specialty Chemicals Conference, November 15-17, 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, paper OS-6, pages 88-95.

“Glycerine Carbonate a Bio-based Reactive Blocking Agent and Other Bio-based PU Additives,” Chemistry and Fundamentals Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethanes 2010 Technical Conference, October 11-13, 2010, Houston, Texas.

“Polyether Polyols Produced from Scrap Polyurethanes; Application in Rigid and Flexible Foams, ” Renewable Polyols 1: Chemistry Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethanes 2010 Technical Conference, October 11-13, 2010, Houston, Texas.

“Polyurethanes as Wear Components of Hip Replacement Devices” Coatings and Elastomers Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethanes 2009 Technical Conference, National Harbor, MD (Washington, D.C.), October 5-7, 2009.

“Recycling of Scrap Flexible Foams Based on Soy Polyols into Rebond Foams,” Renewable Content Polyols 2: Chemistry Technical Session, Proceedings of the CPI Polyurethanes 2009 Technical Conference, National Harbor, MD (Washington, D.C.), October 5-7, 2009.

“Chemical Recycling of Mixed Polyurethane Foam Stream Recovered from Shredder Residue into Polyurethane Polyols,” 2007. Journal of Cellular Plastics, 43, 31-46.

“Shape Memory Foams: Applications in Packaging.” October 17-19, 2005. Proceedings of the Polyurethanes Conference 2005, Sponsored by the Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry, Houston, Texas, p.p. 502-508

“Novel C12TM Chain Extenders for Polyurethanes,” October 18-20, 2004. Proceedings of the Polyurethanes Conference 2004, Sponsored by the Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry, Las Vegas, Nevada, p.p. 481-487.

“Polymeric Foams and Foam Technology,” 2nd Edition, Hanser Publishers / Hanser Gardener Publications, Inc., Cincinnati (2004)

“Hydrolytic Stability of Toluene Diisocyanate and Polymeric Methylenediphenyl Diisocyanate Based Polyureas under Environmental Conditions.” 2004. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 1066-1072.

“Novel Co-Polymer Polycarbonate Diols for Polyurethane Elastomer Applications.” October 1-3, 2003. Proceeding of the Polyurethanes Conference 2003, Sponsored by the Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry, Orlando, Florida, p.p. 241-248.

“Roles of Molecular Architecture and End-Group Functionality on the Surface Properties of Branched Polymers”, Langmuir; 2002; 18(25); 9990-9995.

“The Role of Alkyl End Groups on the Miscibility of Hyperbranched Polymers with Polyolefins”, Polym. Eng. Sci; 2002.

“Polyurethane Elastoplastics for Load Bearing Applications.” October 13-16, 2002. Proceedings of the API Polyurethane Conference 2002, Salt Lake City, Utah, p.p. 307-315.

“Utilization of Polyurethane Foam Scrap as a Sole Binder for Recycling of Automotive Interior Trim Products.” 2000. Journal of Cellular Plastics, 36(5), 386.

“Synthesis and Characterization of Hyperbranched Aromatic Poly(ether imide)s with Varying Degrees of Branching”, Macromolecules; 2000; 33(17); 6412-6415.

“Effects of Molecular Variables and Architecture on the Rheological Behavior of Dendritic Polymers”, Macromolecules; 2000; 33(2); 590-596.

“Polyurethane Elastomers Based on Poly(1,3-Propanediol Carbonate) Glycols.” October 8-11, 2000. Proceedings of the Polyurethanes Conference 2000, Sponsored by the Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry of the American Plastics Council, Boston, Massachusetts, p. 303-309.

“Utilization of Isocyanate-based Binders in Recycling of Scrap Automotive Headliners.” 1999. Advances in Plastics Recycling - Recycling of Polyurethanes; K.C. Frisch, Daniel Klempner, and Geoffrey Prentice, eds., Technomic Publishing Co., Inc., Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Vol. 1, p.p. 241-250.

“Recycling of Mixed Color Automotive Thermoplastics.” 1998. International Congress & Exposition, Society of Automotive Engineers, February 23-26, 1998, Detroit, Michigan, SAE Technical Paper Series 981155.

“Shredding Late Model Chrysler Vehicles, ASR Sample Collection and Characterization of ASR.” 1998. International Congress & Exposition, Society of Automotive Engineers, February 23-26, 1998, Detroit, Michigan, SAE Technical Paper Series 980480.

“Polyurethane Elastomers Based Upon Novel Hydrocarbon-Based Diols.” 1998. Advances in Urethane Science and Technology; Frisch, K.C., Klempner, D., and Prentice G., eds., Technomic: Lancester, PA, 14, p.p. 287-307.

“Structure-Property Relationships of Polyurethane Elastomers Based on New Saturated Hydrocarbon Diols.” 1998. Advances in Urethane Science and Technology; Frisch, K.C., Klempner, D., and Prentice, G., eds., Technomic: Lancester, PA, 14, p.p.267-285.

“Novel Delayed Action Catalysts for Polyurethane Applications.” 1997. Proceedings of the Polyurethanes World Congress '97, The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc, UTECH, and European Isocyanate Producers Association, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 29-Oct.1, 1997, p. 338.

“Recent Developments in Shredder Downstream Separation Processes and Recycling Options for Automotive Shredder Residue.” 1997. New Plastics Applications for Automotive Industry (SP1253), SAE Technical Paper Series 970663, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., p. 163.

“Novel Isocyanate-Based Matrix Resins for High Temperature Composite Applications.” 1996. Polymer Composites, 17(2), 180.

“Polyoxazolidones for High Temperature Applications.” 1996. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 28, 63.

“Hazardous Waste Stabilization with Isocyanate-Based Binders.” May 23-25, 1995. Proceedings of the UTECH Asia "95 Conference, Suntec City, Singapore, paper 45.

“Urethane-Modified Asphalt for Pavement Overlays/Wearing Courses for Road Applications.” September 26-29, 1995. Proceedings of the SPI Polyurethanes 1995 Conference, Chicago, Illinois, p. 418.

“Photostability of Polyurethane Elastomers Based on Various Types of Diisocyanates.” 1994. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 26(2), 143.

“Interpenetrating Polymer Networks as Energy-Absorbing Materials.” 1994. Interpenetrating Polymer Networks; Klempner, D., Sperlings, L.H. and Utracki, L.A., Editors. Advances in Chemistry Series 239, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp. 39-75.

“Clear Nonionic Polyurethane Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications.” 1994. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 26(1),41-57.

“New Heat Resistant Isocyanate Based Foams for Structural Applications.” 1992. Journal of Cellular Plastics, 28(4), 316.

“Effect of Morphology on Sound Attenuation of Flexible Polymeric Foams.” 1991. J. Cell. Plastics, 27, 135.

“Novel Heat Resistant Isocyanate-Based Polymers.” 1991. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 23 (3), 192.

“Synthesis and Properties of Urethane-Modified Polyimides.” 1990. J. Polymer. Sci., Chem. Ed., 28, 3603.

“Studies in the Formation of Poly(oxazolidones) I. Kinetics and Mechanism of the Model Oxazolidone Formation from Phenyl Isocyanate and Phenyl Ether. Selectivity of Catalysts.” 1987. J. Polym. Sci., Chem.Ed., 25, 151.

“Poly-2-Oxazolidone-Urethane Coatings.” 1987. J. Coatings Tech., 59(747) 29.

“Synthesis of Model 2-Oxazolidone and Polyoxazolidones Using Aluminum Chloride-Triphenylphosphine Oxide as Catalyst.” 1986. Polymei, 7(6), 159.

Patents authored by TPI principles

 “Polyols from biomass and polymeric products produced therefrom,” US Patent No. 9,273,180; March 1, 2016.

“Reticulated elastomeric matrices, their manufacture and use in implantable devises.” U.S. Patent No. 8,337,487; December 25, 2013.

“Methods of performing medical procedures that promote bone growth, methods of making compositions that promote bone growth, and apparatus for use in such methods,”  U.S. Patent No. 8,211,458; July 3, 2012.

“Methods of performing medical procedures that promote bone growth, method of making compositions that promote bone growth, and apparatus for use in such methods,”  U.S. Patent No. 7,964,207; June 21, 2011.

“Reticulated elastomeric matrices, their manufacture and use in implantable devises,” U.S. Patent No. 7,803,395; September 28, 2010.

“Foam articles,” U.S. Patent No. 7,303,536; December 4, 2007.

“Foam articles,” U.S. Patent No. 7,276,036; October 2, 2007.

“Orthopedic casting articles,” U.S. Patent No. 6,984,216; January 10, 2006.

“Water curable casting tapes and methods of preparing the same,” U.S. Patent No. 6,881,486; 2005

“Process for chemical recycling of polyurethane-containing scrap,” U.S. Patent No. 6,750,260; 2004.

“Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPUs) Prepared with Polytrimethylene Carbonate Soft Segment,” U.S. Patent No. 6,593,444; 2003.

“Foams Heaving Shape Memory,” U.S. Patent No. 6,583,194; 2003.

“Method of Recycling Scrap Material Containing a Thermoplastic,” U.S. Patent No. 6,576,176; 2003.

“Polyurethane foam composites for grower applications and related methods,” U.S. Patent No. 6,479,433; 2002.

“Polyurethane and so forth containing joints,” U.S. Patent No. 6,302,916; 2001.

“Method of recycling polyurethane foam components,” U.S. Patent No. 6,299,811; 2001.

“Solids Produced from Ash and Process for Producing the Same,” U.S. Patent No. 6,180,192; 2001.

“Polyurethanes Having Improved Moisture Resistance,” U.S. Patent No. 6,111,049; 2000.

“Recycling Trim Components for Vehicles,” U.S. Patent No. 6,110,580; 2000.

“Cast Polyurethane Elastomers Containing Low Polarity Amine Curing Agents,” U.S. Patent No. 5,955,559; 1999.

“Recycling Trim Components,” U.S. Patent No. 5,807,513; 1998.

“Process for Preparing Nanosized Powder”, U.S. Patent No. 5,698,483; 1997.

“Interpenetrating Polymer Networks for Contact lens Production,” U.S. Patent No. 5,674,942; 1997.

“Reaction Injection Molding as a Process to Prepare Contact Lenses,” U.S. Patent No. 5,656,210; 1997.

“Orthopedic Casting Material Having Reduced Tack and Reduced Slip,” U.S. Patent No. 5,180,632; 1993.

“Water-active Orthopedic Cast Composition Having Colorant,” U.S. Patent No. 5,061,555; 1991.